6v53 detroit diesel

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Detroit Diesel 6V53 Usefull Information 

The chart below shows the most common questions asked by owners of Detroit Diesel® engines 6V53 Turbo when trying to troubleshoot why their engines underperform.  It categorizes areas of possible malfunction, likely cause and recommended action to bring your new, rebuilt or used  Detroit Diesel® engine back to proper operation.  The chart will give you confidence when speaking with your Detroit Diesel® engine mechanic or ordering parts.  As a quick reference guide only, the chart must not be thought of as a substitute for the use of your Detroit Diesel® engine 6V53 Turbo Owner's operating or service manual.

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PROBLEM

POSSIBLE REASON

CHECK

Engine will not startLack of air intake or restricted air intake
Broken blower shaft
Worn out blower shaft
Defective fuel pump
Defective starter
Discharged battery
High exhaust back pressure
Black smoke coming out of engine Defective injector
Contaminated fuel
Broken or worn cylinder parts
Engine overloaded
Faulty intercooler or aftercooler (for turbo engines only)
White smoke coming out of engine Broken piston ring
Incorrectly installed ring set
Defective injector
Fuel quality or grade
Long idle periods
Broken or bent push rod
Injector or governor improperly adjusted
Low engine oil pressure Water in engine oil pan
Fuel in engine oil pan
Defective oil cooler
Engine overloaded
Crankcase overfilled
Low engine RPMImproperly working injector
Governor calibration
Hi engine RPMGovernor calibration
Engine overheatingDefective fresh water pump
Defective raw water pump (marine engines only)
Defective thermostat or thermostat seal
Clogged radiator or heat exchanger (marine engine only)
Grey smoke coming out of engineLong idle periods
Defective intercooler or aftercooler (for turbo engine only)
Restricted air intake
Defective injector
Contaminated fuel
Blower or turbocharger seals leaking
Geartrain makes noises Low oil level
Engine driven accesories
Damage main or rod bearing

We have Detroit 6V53 parts at low prices. Whether you need a small part, or a heavier item, we can get it to you fast. Our website makes ordering easy and quick. At Diesel Pro, we believe in selling high-quality parts that you can rely on, at prices that are affordable. When you buy from us, you can rest assured that you will get a part that is ready to use. That is why we back our products with an industry leading one year warranty on new parts, and 30 day return policy on unused items. Try us today, and you will see we are the best source for parts online.

To be sure that this is your engine, locate the model number, located on a plate near the top of the engine. The serial number will be an eight digit number that will start with a 5, signifying it is a 53 series engine. The next two digits signify the number of cylinders. For this engine, a model number will always start with 506, and an example of a full model number would be 5063-5200. To determine if you have a turbo engine, or a natural engine, look at the sixth digit. A turbocharged engine will have a 3. For example, 5063-5300 would be a Turbocharged engine.

If you happen to find the serial number instead, it will have a 6D in the number, such as 6D12345. Though it is rare, some Detroit 6V53 engines were made for the Brazilian market, and these have a serial number that starts with DB, such as DB7186.


General Information and Specs

This engine has a displacement of 5.22 liters and is a 2 cycle, 6 cylinder engine with 4 main bearings. The compression ratio is 17:1 for standard engines or 21:1 for natural engines. This engine is used in tractors, generators, boat engines and much more, and is sometimes called the GM 6V53 or the V6-53 Detroit Diesel.

The cooling system holds 3.5 gallons, or 13.2 liters.

Depending on the use, the temperature of the coolant should be within these ranges :

• Industrial use, between 170-187 degrees F at 2500 RPM.

• For Vehicle use, between 180-197 degrees F at 2600 RPM.

• For marine use (except with N70 Injectors): Between 160-185 degrees F at 2800 RPM.

• Marine use with N-70 injector will be slightly higher: 170-185 degrees F at 2800 RPM. For

The following gives the lubricating oil pressure and temperature for safe operation:

• Marine Use at 2800 RPM: The normal pressure is 40-60 PSI, with a minimum of 32 PSI needed. The temperature should be between 205 and 235 degrees F.

• Industrial Use at 2500 RPM: The normal pressure is 40-60 PSI, with a minimum of 36 PSI needed, and a temperature between 200 to 235 degrees F.

• Vehicle use at 2600 RPM: Normal pressure is 40-60 PSI with a minimum of 36 PSI. The temperature should be the same as the industrial engine, between 200 to 235 degrees F.

For a system voltage of 12V, use a battery with a minimum of a 1250 battery ranking (based on cold cranking amps, or CCA.) For a system voltage of 24V or 32V, use a battery with a minimum CCA of 625. Use these values to ensure your engine will properly crank when starting.


Detroit 6V53 Torque and Horsepower

The torque and horsepower specs are based on a 500ft elevation with an air temperature of 85 degrees Fahrenheit.

• With N40 injectors, the torque is between 394 lb ft at 1400 RPM to 322 lb ft at 2800 RPM. Horsepower is between 112 BHP at 1500 RPM and has a maximum of 172 BHP at 2800 RPM.

• For marine engines, with N50 injectors, the power-propeller load shaft horsepower is between 30 SHP at 1500 RPM and 197 SHP at 2800 RPM. Fuel consumption for marine engines ranges between 2.5 gallons per hour at 1500 RPM and 12 gallons per hour at 2800 RPM.


Starting a 6V53 Detroit Diesel That Had Been in Storage

The Detroit 6V53 will last for many years. Many of our customers have mentioned that they will store their engine from time to time, such as a generator that had been unused during the summer. Here we have a general checklist for starting an engine that had been unused for an extended period of time.

Step One: Remove anything that is covering the air intake, fuel tank, exhaust outlet. Make sure that all intake is unobstructed.

Step Two: Make sure the pulleys are functional and able to move.

Step Three: Drain any preservative oil from the engine and replace the drain plug. Fill with a proper grade of lubricating oil. Fill the fuel tank with proper grade Diesel fuel.

Step Four: With all of the drain cocks closed, fill unit with soft water or soft water with anti-freeze, depending on whether you live in a colder area.

Step Five: Install the battery

Step Six: Blow out any dust or debris from the air intake, and make sure that it is not wet, to prevent water from mixing with the fuel.

Step Seven: Set the air shut-off valveto the open or reset position. Place circuit breaker to off position. Press the throttle button and turn the throttle control counterclockwise to a position between run and stop.

Step Eight: Press starting switch. Make sure to wait and allow the engine to cool if it did not start within 30 seconds. Do not press the starter switch again while the starter motor is rotating.


How to Perform a Tune Up

Keep your Detroit 6V53 running like new, by giving it a regular tune-up. Follow the general guideline below. With any procedure, be sure to carefully mark where items are removed from, and this should only be done by a person who has had experience working with Diesel engines.

Step One: While the engine is cold, place the governor speed control lever in the idle position, and secure the stop lever in the stop position, if your engine has one.

Step Two: Clean any dirt or debris from the rocker cover and remove it. Then rotate the crankshaft until the injector follower is completely depressed on the cylinder you are inspecting.

Step Three: Loosen the exhaust valve rocker arm. Place a 0.026 feeler gauge between the end of one valve stem and the rocker arm bridge.

Step Four: Adjust the push rod to get a smooth pull with the feeler gauge.

Step Five: After taking the feeler gauge out, hold the push rod with a 5/16 th inch wrench. Tighten the lock nut with a half inch wrench.

Step Six: Recheck the clearance and adjust if needed.

Step Seven: Start the engine and allow it to get to normal operating temperature, which is between 160 and 185 degrees Fahrenheit. If the clearance is correct, the 0.24 inch gage should pass between the end of one valve stem and the rocker arm bridge.


Marine Parts

We are proud to have provided high quality replacement parts for the 6V53 Detroit Diesel, especially for those who work on or around boats. This is our specialty and continue to strive to serve these customers. Most of our parts would work in a variety of applications, whether on land, or on a boat. However, we do have several products and sections that are specially made for marine applications. So if you are looking for Marine Parts, you have come to the right place. Please select from below to jump to a specific section.

Rebuilt Detroit Marine Pump

New Detroit Marine Pump

Marine Toilets, Alarms, Sirens, and more.


Popular Categories

If you need to visit us for other parts, be sure to check out our other best-selling parts categories. Click Here To Go Back To 6V53 Turbo Categories

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Sours: https://dieselpro.com/detroit-diesel-parts/detroit-6v53-turbo/troubleshooting.html

Detroit Diesel 6V53 Military Takeout Diesel Engine for Sale

This used Detroit Diesel 6V53 takeout engine is a 1991 military surplus diesel engine in good condition. It’s a V6 engine with low hours, non-turbo, complete and run-tested with 40 lbs. oil pressure.

This two-cycle diesel engine with mechanical unit injectors is good for various applications, including highway, marine, generator sets, military, industrial and agricultural equipment. Peak horsepower is 300 hp at 2,800 RPM, while torque can reach 666 lb-ft at 1,400 RPM.

We offer a 30-day guarantee on the block and crank. No core or motor exchange needed for this used diesel engine.

Adelman’s has been a leading provider in the truck salvage and truck transmission and differential rebuilding industry for 100 years. We regularly work with retail users and wholesale re-sellers all over the world to provide trucks and truck parts at the lowest possible price.

Contact us today to learn more about these diesel engines for sale.

 

$2,500.00

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Sours: https://www.adelmans.com/detroit-6v53-low-hours-military-takeout-diesel-engine-6d195010
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These engines have gained worldwide acceptance in military applications requiring reliability, durability and maintainability in a range of 50 to 400 hp.

The 3-53 (100 hp) engine is used extensively in SD-2 aircraft spotting dollies with the 4-53 powering US Air Force MJ-1 aircraft hydraulic test stands and US Navy P-16 onboard firefighting vehicles.

The 6V-53 (210 hp) powers the widely used M113A1 and M113A2 family which has evolved into the 6V-53T (275 hp), powering the upgraded M730 Chaparral and M113A3 vehicles. The US Marines LAV (8 x 8) is also powered with the 275 hp version.

Foreign manufacturers have also selected the 6V-53T to power their vehicles including MOWAG Piranha, United Defense, LP, co-production programmes for new M113 vehicles in Pakistan and Armoured Infantry Fighting Vehicle (AIFV) vehicles in Turkey.

Repower of M113, A1 and A2 and AMX-13 vehicles in a number of countries has utilised the engine at horsepower levels from 265 hp to 275 hp with several countries having tested vehicles up to 350 hp. The 6V-53T is NATO certified to 350 hp. This version includes after-cooling and a glow plug system for unaided starting to -25°F. The glow plug system can be adopted by any existing 6V-53 military engine. This horsepower was selected for the US Air Force 60K aircraft loader programme.

Detroit Diesel Corporation has concluded a development programme to raise the 6V-53T to a new technology level. With the adaptation of the updated DDEC IV electronic system and intercooling, the 6V-53T after-cooled 350 hp engine has been uprated to 400 hp.

This new level of horsepower of over 1.25hp/in3 displacement will allow vehicles to achieve added weight while still meeting or exceeding the mobility and speed of other lead vehicles on the battlefield.

Various M113 series vehicles are currently being tested with a 400 hp tunable diesel engine. Electronics allows the user to select up to three horsepower levels to match vehicle weight to horsepower.

The Canadian Army has recently selected this engine for their Ml 13 APC Life Extension Programme.

ValueSours: http://www.army-guide.com/eng/product160.html
Ford F-8000 Detroit 6V53

Important Note: This Page Displays Parts for the Natural (Non-Turbo) Engine. To See Our Page with Parts for the Turbo Engine, Please Click Here


Locating Your Engine Type

The parts listed on this page are for the Detroit Diesel 6V53 engine. To be sure that this is your engine, locate the serial number, located on a plate near the top of the engine. The serial number will be an eight digit number that will start with a 5, signifying it is a 53 series engine. The next two digits signify the number of cylinders. For the Detroit 6V53, a serial number will always start with 506, and an example of a full serial number would be 5063-5200. To determine if you have a turbo engine, or a natural engine, look at the sixth digit. A turbocharged engine will have a 3. For example, 5063-5300 would be a Turbocharged engine.

V6-53 Detroit Diesel and Other Alternative Names

The Detroit Diesel 6V53 engine goes by many names, and is used in many applications. These include tractors, generators, boat engines, industrial vehicles, school busses, heavy duty pickup trucks and even some recreational vehicles. To clarify, what we refer to on this page, and through-out our website, as the Detroit 6V53 also goes by the following names:

•V6-53 Detroit Diesel
•6V-53, 6V 53 or 653 Detroit Diesel
•6V53N, 6V53TI, or 6V53T Detroit Diesel
•GM 6V53

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6V53 Detroit Diesel Marine

We are proud to have provided high quality replacement parts for those who work on or around boats for many years. This is our specialty and continue to strive to serve these customers. Most of our parts would work in a variety of applications, whether on land, or on a boat. However, we do have several products and sections that are specially made for marine applications. So if you are looking for 6V53 Detroit Diesel Marine Parts, you have come to the right place. Please select from below to jump to a specific section.

We offer both new and rebuilt pumps for the 6V53 Detroit Diesel. Our pumps come complete with an impeller, wear plate, oil and water seal, screws, shaft and more. In other words, we make the installation an easy process, where you don't have to waste time looking for all the related parts. Select which one you would like to see for more information:
6V53 Rebuilt Sea Water Pump   |  6V53 New Sea Water Pump

We also offer several water strainers for the Detroit Diesel 6V53. These key pieces of machinery can help keep common problem objects out of your water cooling system, including seaweed, plastic bags, jellyfish, and more. If you would like to see more, please select an option:
Water Strainer for 1 and 1/4 inch pipe   |   Water Strainer for 1 and 1/2 inch pipe

We also have a page dedicated to other related products, including marine toilets, alarms, sirens, and more. To visit, please click here:
Marine Accessories

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Detroit 6V53 Specs

Here are some general specifications for the 6V53 Detroit Diesel.

•2 cycle, 6 cylinder engine

•Bore: 3.875 inches or 98 mm

•Stroke: 4.5 inches or 98 mm

•Compression Ratio: 17 to 1 for Standard Engines, or 21 to 1 for N engines

•Total Displacement: 318 inches or 5.22 liters.

•Main Bearings: 4


Detroit Diesel 6V53 Torque

Information for Basic Engine, Four Valves, S40 or S45 injectors:
Torque (lb ft): 352 at 1000 RPM / 348 at 1500 RPM / 338 at 2000 RPM

Information for Basic Engine, Four Valves, N40 injectors:
Torque (lb ft): 390 at 1500 RPM / 370 at 2000 RPM / 342 at 2500 RPM


Detroit 6V53 Horsepower

The specs for the horsepower is measured as brake horsepower. This is at 500ft elevation with an air temperature of 85 degrees Fahrenheit. For some of the engine arrangements, this data is presented below:
S40 or S45 injectors: 148 BHP at 2400 RPM
N40 injectors: 172 BHP at 2800 RPM
N45 injectors: 197 BHP (rated) at 2800 RPM, 140 BHP (continuous) at 2400 RPM
Marine Engines (SHP): 181 at 2800 RPM (standard equipment) or 197 at 2800 RPM for N50 injectors

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Starting a Detroit 6V53 That Had Been in Storage

Step One: Remove anything that is covering the air intake, fuel tank, exhaust outlet. Make sure that all intake is unobstructed.

Step Two: Make sure the pulleys are functional and able to move.

Step Three: Drain any preservative oil from the engine and replace the drain plug. Fill with a proper grade of lubricating oil. Fill the fuel tank with proper grade Diesel fuel.

Step Four: With all of the drain cocks closed, fill unit with soft water or soft water with anti-freeze, depending on whether you live in a colder area.

Step Five: Install the battery

Step Six: Blow out any dust or debris from the air intake, and make sure that it is not wet, to prevent water from mixing with the fuel.

Step Seven: Set the air shut-off valveto the open or reset position. Place circuit breaker to off position. Press the throttle button and turn the throttle control counterclockwise to a position between run and stop.

Step Eight: Press starting switch. Make sure to wait and allow the engine to cool if it did not start within 30 seconds. Do not press the starter switch again while the starter motor is rotating.


6V53 Detroit Diesel Engine Tune Up

Step One: While the engine is cold, place the governor speed control lever in the idle position, and secure the stop lever in the stop position, if your engine has one.

Step Two: Clean any dirt or debris from the rocker cover and remove it. Then rotate the crankshaft until the injector follower is completely depressed on the cylinder you are inspecting.

Step Three: Loosen the exhaust valve rocker arm. Place a 0.026 feeler gauge between the end of one valve stem and the rocker arm bridge.

Step Four: Adjust the push rod to get a smooth pull with the feeler gauge.

Step Five: After taking the feeler gauge out, hold the push rod with a 5/16 th inch wrench. Tighten the lock nut with a half inch wrench.

Step Six: Recheck the clearance and adjust if needed.

Step Seven: Start the engine and allow it to get to normal operating temperature, which is between 160 and 185 degrees Fahrenheit. If the clearance is correct, the 0.24 inch gage should pass between the end of one valve stem and the rocker arm bridge.

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Sours: https://dieselpro.com/detroit-diesel-6v53-for-sale

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