Class 11th Chemistry Book Chapters
NCERT books for class 11 chemistry has two parts, part one and two. This book contains an in-depth analysis of every topic of the curriculum prepared for CBSE. Additionally, there are excursive sections after every chapter, which you can use for revision.
You can download both the parts of NCERT chemistry class 11 PDF from the given link.
NCERT 11 chemistry book has a total of 14 chapters. It includes important chapters like the structure of atoms, thermodynamics, redox reactions, hydrocarbons, states of matter, environmental chemistry, etc. Moreover, if you are preparing for any competitive exams like NEET, JEE, etc., this chemistry book will become essential.
Chapter 1- Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
In this chapter, you will study the basic concept of chemistry. Essentially, this is the introductory chapter to the syllabus of class 11. This chapter began with an introduction and followed by a study of the history of this subject.
After that, it moves further towards the discussion of chemistry’s importance and nature of different matters. Under the nature of matters section, there are two sub-sections, state and classification. Furthermore, this chapter discusses properties of matters, uncertainty of measurement, laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory, atomic and molecular masses, etc.
There are several illustrations, and an exercise section is present at the end of this chapter of NCERT 11 chemistry PDF. It will help you understand the chapter better.
Chapter 2- Structure of Atom
Atoms are the foundation of any element. They are the smallest part of any element which can chemically react. Indian and Greek philosopher have proposed the existence of Atoms since 400 B.C. Nevertheless, the first atomic theory was proposed by John Dalton, a British scientist, in 1808. According to his theory, Atoms were indivisible particles of matter.
However, his theory was later proved wrong towards the end of the nineteenth century. Experiments during this time proved that Atoms have three fundamental parts, electron, proton, and neutron. This discovery of sub-atomic particles gave birth to different atomic models, which explained atomic structures.
Moreover, in this chapter of NCERT chemistry class 11 PDF, you will learn about these atomic structures, and the exercise section will assist you to revise your learnings.
Chapter 3- Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
Arguably, the periodic table is an essential concept in chemistry. In this chapter of NCERT books for class 11 chemistry, you will study about it. This unit also explains the development of periodic law and period table.
The previous table proposed by Mendeleev was based on atomic mass. However, the new one arranges elements according to their atomic number in seven horizontal rows, i.e. periods, and eighteen vertical columns that are groups or families. Along with this table, you will also study periodic classifications, which is a logical consequence of an atom’s electronic configuration.
After that, you will examine different periodic trends in the chemical and physical properties of various elements.
Chapter 4- Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
Every matter constitutes of various elements, and under normal circumstances, no element can exist as an independent atom. However, noble gasses are an exception.
On the other hand, when a group of atoms exists together with distinct properties, they are known as molecules. The attractive force that holds these atoms together is called chemical bonds.
This chapter of NCERT class 11 chemistry book PDF explore these bonds and structure of various atoms. It presents an in-depth analysis of every topic within this chapter with relevant examples and diagrams. As a result, it is easier for you to understand this relatively complicated chapter without much difficulties.
Chapter 5- States Of Matter
You have already learnt about the properties associated with a single particle. These are atomic size, electronic charge density, ionization enthalpy, polarity, molecular shape, etc. The characteristics of various elements that are observable always represent bulk properties. It means that these properties are associated with a collection of a large number of atoms, molecules, or ions. In a nutshell, you can witness characteristics of a substance in a particular state.
However, you should know that the chemical properties of substances do not change with their current state. On the other hand, their reactivity may vary.
In this fifth chapter of class 11 NCERT chemistry PDF, you will study the various physical matter of substances and their characteristics.
Chapter 6- Thermodynamic
Molecules stores chemical energy, which they release during chemical reactions. This energy has a number of purposes. It can do mechanical work, can support other reactions, etc. Hence, these different types of energies are interrelated, but only under particular circumstances. Moreover, they are transferrable, from one form to another.
The study of this energy transformation is known as thermodynamics. The laws of thermodynamics observe energy changes among macroscopic systems involving an extensive collection of molecules instead of microscopic systems with fewer molecules.
In this chapter of thermodynamics, you will study about the terminology, heat measurement, spontaneity, etc. Moreover, take the assistance of the exercise section at the end of this chapter of your class 11 chemistry NCERT book PDF to revise this lesson.
Chapter 7- Equilibrium
Chemical equilibrium is a state in which reactants are products are both present in equations that do not tend to change with time. Hence, there are no observable changes in their properties. Typically, equilibrium is achieved when a forward reaction proceeds at the same rate of a reverse reaction.
However, this reaction of backward and forward reactions are not zero; instead, they are equal. As a result, there are no changes in the concentrations, both reactants and products. It is known as dynamic equilibrium.
In this chapter of chemistry 11th NCERT PDF, you will learn about it in detail. This chapter discusses equilibrium in both physical and chemical process, the law of equilibrium and its constants, etc. Moreover, there are diagrams and equation to help you understand this concept.
Chapter 8- Redox Reactions
The purpose of chemistry is to observe and present change of matters from one kind to another. This transformation occurs via various reactions. One important category of such reactions is redox reactions. In the case of redox reactions, oxidation and reduction coincide.
Moreover, redox reactions have four categories, combination, decomposition, displacement, and disproportionation. Along with its types, redox couple and electrode processes have been discussed in this chapter as well. Redox reactions have a wide range of applications in pharmaceutical, agricultural, metallurgical, etc. areas.
Furthermore, the equations and problems attached to this chapter of NCERT chemistry class 11 PDF will help you understand this topic better.
Chapter 9- Hydrogen
Compared to the other elements on the periodic table as well as nature, Hydrogen has the simplest atomic structure. In its atomic form, it has one proton and one electron. On the other hand, in its elemental form, it is a diatomic molecule known as dihydrogen.
Hydrogen forms more compounds in nature than any other element. It is also the first element on the periodic table. Additionally, Hydrogen has great industrial importance as well.
In this chapter of NCERT 11 chemistry book, you will learn about Hydrogen, dihydrogen, its properties, preparations, hydrides, etc. Additionally, solve the exercise section to know more about this element.
Chapter 10- The s-Block Elements
s-Block elements are those in which the last electron enters their furthest s-orbital. Since this outermost s-orbital can house only two electrons, groups one and two belong to this section of the periodic table.
The first group consists of elements like lithium, sodium, rubidium, potassium, caesium and francium. These elements are popular alkali metals. On the other hand, the second group comprises elements such as beryllium calcium, magnesium, strontium, radium, and barium. These elements, except beryllium, are popularly known as the alkaline earth metals.
Moreover, in this chapter of NCERT 11th chemistry book PDF, you will learn about these elements in details. You will study their properties and usage as well. Additionally, completing the exercise will allow you to understand these s-Block elements even better.
Chapter 11- The p-Block Elements
In the case of p-Block elements, the last electron enters the furthest p-orbital. Since there are three p-orbital, a set of six electrons can accommodate in one p-orbital. Consequently, there are a total of six such sets of elements in the entire periodic table. It ranges from number 13 to 18.
Boron, nitrogen, carbon, oxygen, helium, fluorine head these groups. On the other hand, the inner core of electron configuration may differ. This difference influences the physical and chemical properties of an element. Therefore, you can observe variations in terms of the properties of these p-Block elements.
Chapter 11 of NCERT chemistry class 11 PDF explains this set of elements even further. You can learn their characteristics and their usage as well from this chapter.
Chapter 12- Organic Chemistry – Some Basic Principles and Techniques
In the previous chapter, i.e. chapter 11, you studied how carbon has a distinctive property named catenation. Due to this property, it creates covalent bonds with other carbon atoms. Moreover, it can also form the same bonding with atoms of different elements like oxygen, hydrogen, sulphur, nitrogen, halogens and phosphorus as well.
These new elements and their properties are studied under a separate branch of chemistry called organic chemistry. In this chapter, you will learn about its fundamental principles, its technique of analysis, its formation, etc. Additionally, these new elements are known as organic compounds.
There are several diagrams in this chapter of 11th chemistry NCERT PDF, which will help you understand the chemical structure of these compounds.
Chapter 13- Hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbons represents a compound that has carbon and hydrogen molecules. Coal and petroleum elements are some of the most common hydrocarbon compounds.
Besides, hydrocarbons are classified into three groups. These are –
Open chain saturated (alkanes)
Unsaturated (alkenes and alkynes)
Cyclic (alicyclic) and aromatic
In this chapter of NCERT chemistry class 11 PDF, you will learn about the classification of hydrocarbons, alkanes, alkynes, and aromatic hydrocarbons. Additionally, you will study these groups in detail, their properties, nomenclature, isomer, etc. are included here.
Chapter 14- Environmental Chemistry
In environmental science, you have already studied the economic, social, chemical, biological, and chemical relation with the surroundings. However, in this chapter of 11th chemistry NCERT PDF, the focus is solely on chemistry.
In environmental chemistry, you will learn about the origin, transport, reactions, effects and fate of various chemical species in the environment. Moreover, in this chapter, you will study the following topics –
Strategies to Control Environmental Pollution
This chapter will provide you with a more in-depth idea of various problems associated with the environment. Apart from that, there are numerous short trivia mentioned in this chapter, as well. They will help you understand any topic better.
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NCERT books are popular among students and teachers due to several reasons. Here is a list of some important reason why these books are widely accepted.
1. Genuine Information
One of the biggest USP of these books is their authentic information. The facts and figures presented in NCERT books are verified along with their sources before printing them. Hence, students can easily rely on this information.
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These books are designed in a very simple way, keeping every student in mind. Besides, the layout used here is clean and easily understandable. Thus, students can quickly find the required information.
3. Language of these Books
The language used in these books is also simple. It does not contain any complicated words or phrases. Hence, it is easy for students to understand.
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Images and diagrams used in these books are highly relevant to the associated topics. It aims to offer students a visual representation, and help them to understand a topic better.
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Another significant advantage of these NCERT chemistry class 11 PDF is that it put special emphasis in clearing the basic concepts of chemistry. Along with its languages and illustration, these books aim to simplify the complicated chapters of chemistry.
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These books are comprehensive in terms of the information. Typically, extensive research goes behind preparing these books. Hence, they cover every aspect of a topic.
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The exercise section in these books is very useful. They comprise questions which are designed to enhance a student’s problem-solving capability.
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NCERT Books For Class 11 Chemistry: Part 1 & 2 Free PDF
NCERT Books for Class 11 Chemistry 2021-22: Class 11 Chemistry is one of the most important subjects for students who are aspiring to pursue careers in engineering and medical fields. Students who desire to score more in their chemistry class 11 exam must follow the NCERT books designed by the top teachers and academicians of NCERT. Especially, students who are aiming to take part in competitive exams should be thorough with Class 11 Chemistry Part I and Part II books.
This will help them in clearing entrance exams like JEE Mains, JEE Advanced, BISAT, NEET, etc. These books and modules are created strictly, keeping in mind that students must find everything they want in one space. The ruling body NCERT creates the CBSE chemistry class 11 curriculum, and students can easily access chapter-wise links for Class 11 Chemistry for 2021-22 by downloading it in PDF format. Students can practice Class 11 sample questions and take the free Class 11 mock tests here.
NCERT Books for Class 11 Chemistry are available at the official website of NCERT – ncert.nic.in from where students can download the books for free. Students can also download these books from this article by just clicking on the direct links. We have provided the latest Chemistry Books for Class 11 in English and Hindi medium as well. Scroll down to download the books.
TAKE CBSE CLASS 11 CHEMISTRY MOCK TEST NOW
NCERT Books For Class 11 Chemistry 2021-22
NCERT Books for Class 11 Chemistry (Part 1 & Part 2) for both Hindi and English medium are available for download in the table below for 2021-22:
|CBSE Class 11 Part 1 Chemistry Book (English Medium)||Download Here|
|CBSE Class 11 Part 2 Chemistry Book (English Medium)||Download Here|
|CBSE Class 11 Part 1 Chemistry Book (Hindi Medium)||Download Here|
|CBSE Class 11 Part 2 Chemistry Book (Hindi Medium)||Download Here|
The NCERT Class 11 Chemistry textbooks are simple to read and comprehend. Students preparing for the Class 12 board examinations as well as other competitive examinations such as JEE Mains, BITSAT, JEE Advanced, and VITEEE should study the NCERT Chemistry Class 11 and 12 books, Part I and Part II. The NCERT Chemistry textbooks are well-written, providing the finest possible explanations of each subject, as well as numerous solved examples. Around 15% to 20% of the questions in both JEE Mains and Advanced are taken straight from topics covered in NCERT Chemistry Class 11 textbooks. This says the importance of NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Book.
NCERT Books For Class 11 Chemistry Free PDF Download (English Medium) 2021-22
The chapter-wise PDFs in English along with the NCERT solutions for Class 11 Chemistry are provided in the tables below for 2021-22:
Chemistry Part 1 Book PDF Download
Equilibrium, Basics of Chemistry, Structure of an Atom, Periodicity, and Classification of Elements, Chemical Bonding and its Molecular Structure, Thermodynamics, and the States of Matter are among the topics covered in NCERT books for Class 11 Chemistry Part I. The themes in the field of chemistry are extremely diverse, and it’s easy to become perplexed by the numerous topics included in the syllabus. As a result, if students are confident in their knowledge of the Chemistry syllabus and themes, they will have no trouble passing the major examinations. Download Part 1 chemistry books from the table below:
Chemistry Part 2 Book PDF Download
Redox Reactions, S and P Block Elements, Hydrogen, Organic Chemistry, Hydrocarbons, and Environmental Chemistry are among the subjects covered in Part II of the NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry book. The NCERT Chemistry books for Class 11 are among the finest IIT JEE preparation books. Download the 11th chemistry books for Part II from the table below:
PRACTICE CBSE CLASS 11 CHEMISTRY QUESTIONS HERE
Download NCERT Books for Class 11 for other subjects also:
NCERT Books For Class 11 Chemistry In Hindi PDF Download 2021-22
The chapter-wise PDFs in Hindi medium for Part 1 & Part 2 Chemistry are tabulated below for 2021-22:
How to Download NCERT Books For Class 11 Chemistry?
Students can also download the Class 11 Chemistry NCERT Books from the official website of NCERT by following the steps as listed below:
- 1stStep: Visit the official website of NCERT: ncert.nic.in.
- 2nd Step: Go to the “Publications” tab and select “E-books” from the drop-down menu.
- 3rd Step: You will find various options – PDF, Flipbook, ePub for Textbooks of Classes I-XII, and e-Textbooks of States/ UTs (ePub).
- 4th Step: Click on “PDF (Classes I-XII)” if you want to download the books as PDF.
- 5th Step: Select “ClassXI” from the“Class” drop-down.
- 6th Step: Select the Subject as “Chemistry“, and select your Book Title.
- 7th Step: Click on the “Go” button.
- 8th Step: The NCERT book PDF will appear on the screen. Select the chapter that you want to study – click on the “Open” button against the chapter.
- 9th Step: The PDF for the particular chapter will open on the screen. Click on the download icon to download the NCERT Books.
FAQs Regarding NCERT Books For Class 11 Chemistry 2021-22
The frequently asked questions regarding Chemistry 11th Class Books are given below:
A. Apart from NCERT, Class 11 students can refer to the following Chemistry books for their board exam and entrance exam preparation:
– Physical Chemistry By OP Tandon (G. R. Bathla Publications)
– Objective Chemistry (Set of 3 Vols) (S. Dinesh & Co.)
– Modern’s ABC Of Chemistry (Part 1 & 2)
– Organic Chemistry By Himanshu Pandey (GRB Publication)
A. There are 14 chapters in Class 11 Chemistry combining both Part 1 & Part 2.
A. Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry is the first chapter of Class 11 Chemistry.
A. There are 14 chapters in CBSE Class 11 Chemistry for 2021-22.
A. Here are the steps that students can follow to download the NCERT Class 11 Chemistry text book:
1stStep: Visit the official website of NCERT: ncert.nic.in.
2nd Step: Go to the “Publications” tab and select “E-books” from the drop-down menu.
3rd Step: You will find various options – PDF, Flipbook, ePub for Textbooks of Classes I-XII, and e-Textbooks of States/ UTs (ePub).
4th Step: Click on “PDF (Classes I-XII)” if you want to download the books as PDF.
5th Step: Select “ClassXI” from the “Class” drop-down.
6th Step: Select the Subject as “Chemistry“, and select your Book Title.
7th Step: Click on the “Go” button.
8th Step: The NCERT book PDF will appear on the screen. Select the chapter that you want to study – click on the “Open” button against the chapter.
9th Step: The PDF for the particular chapter will open on the screen. Click on the download icon to download the NCERT Books.
Now you have the NCERT Chemistry books for Class 11 in both English and Hindi medium. Make the best use of them and finish the syllabus thoroughly. You can also solve the free Class 11 Chemistry Practice Questions on Embibe. These questions are handpicked in a manner so as to prepare you for any difficulty level of questions that might come your way now or in the future.
Along with solving the practice questions, you can also take thePCM Class 12 Mock Tests to add an edge to your preparation. If you are planning to appear for NEET or JEE Main, then attempting these mock tests on Embibe will help you in your preparation.
Practice CBSE Class 11 Book Questions Here
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NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry
Akash NCERT solutions for class 11 chemistry has all the solutions to the inquiries given in the reading material. The solutions are given most effortlessly, conceivable. Along these lines, this chemistry class 11 NCERT solutions guarantees that the students have the best comprehension of the topics. This will help the students with the assessment marks. This will assist the students with building up a core base of the subject since this subject requires the students to do more than remembering just the solutions of class 11 chemistry. For students who need to go the additional mile and see an ever-increasing number of ideas, NCERT solutions are ideal for you. NCERT solutions for class 11 chemistry will assist the students in covering all the chapters in detail. Students have the freedom and can pick any topic they require from Class 11 Chemistry. They can download the entire Class 11 Chemistry NCERT Solutions from Akash as well.
The CBSE NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry are significant for the students. These contain solutions to theory questions, reaction mechanisms, numerical, and a small number of derivations. They cover all the issues where the student might have a problem.
Why pick Akash Chemistry NCERT Solutions?
The chemistry that you concentrate on during school days is fundamental; it gets precisely further developed when you arrive at class 11. The circumstances can be trying if you are inefficient at tackling issues in chemistry. Luckily, Aakash comes to your aid.
Hypothesis and applications of chemistry are clarified in a straightforward and clear language and step-by-step manner.
NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry - Chapter-Wise
Chapter 1 Some Basics Concepts of Chemistry
This class 11 Chemistry NCERT chapter 1 clarifies the job that is played in regular daily existence by chemistry. Chapter 1 in chemistry for class 11th begins with the most basic concept for the benefit of the students, and it will go into insights of the history of the subject with a mention of Dalton's atomic hypothesis where the ideas of Dalton are mentioned. Students are told why they were wrong. Dalton was the pioneer in the field, and his theory helped advance the science by a considerable amount. The students are taught about the atomic mass, atomic number. The chapter further goes into the concept of quantitative chemistry, and concepts of moles, molarity, normality, molality, and mole fraction are discussed. This is the very basis of physical chemistry, and a majority of the concepts taught here would be further used in the study of chemistry for a long time to come.
Chapter 2 Structure of Atoms
This interesting chapter will get the students acquainted with the aspect of breaking the atom further and the concept of a proton, electron, and neutrons. The students will also learn what isotopes, isobars, and nuclear numbers are. This chapter likewise depicts the subtleties of Thomson's model alongside its shortcomings. Other than this, it discusses the findings of James Chadwick, with a further mention of Bohr's model and Rutherford's model. The chapter also discusses the constraints of these models. There is some detail being tossed about Heisenberg's uncertainty guideline, de Broglie's rule, the states of s, d, and p orbitals, and quantum numbers. The Aufbau principle, Hund's Rule of Maximum Multiplicity, and Pauli's Exclusion Principle are discussed at length. The filling of orbitals is explained in the chapter, and the students learn about the stability of the configurations.
Chapter 3 Periodicity in Properties and classification of Elements
The chapter deals with the history of the classification of elements and the contributions of various thinkers and scientists in this field. The first considerable work done was by Mendeleev, and his table has been mentioned in the chapter, which also discusses its drawbacks. The chapter further explains the concepts of the modern periodic table. The chapter further goes on to study the patterns in the modern periodic table for properties like ionic radii, atomic radii, electronegativity, ionization energy, electron affinity, valency, which are examined in this chapter.
Chapter 4 Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
In chapter 4, the textbook will assist you with understanding what a covalent bond and an ionic bond is. There are more insights concerning the concepts of the bonds, covalent bonds. The polar characteristics of the bond are discussed, the strength of the bond is discussed with the concept of the bond length, and the arrangement of the bonds in space. Moreover, this chapter talks about the VSEPR hypothesis, ideas of hybridization that includes, d, and p orbitals, different states of individual atoms, and some more. The chapter also discusses the Molecular Atomic theory and the application it has in the stability of the molecule.
Chapter 5 States of Matter Liquid and Gas
This chapter will help the students to comprehend the laws regarding the states of matter. The intermolecular interactions by means of forces are further explored in this chapter. Moreover, the chapter on gas laws examines Gay Lussac's law, Boyle's law, Avogadro's law, and ideal gas law, assisting the students with understanding their optimal conduct. Alongside this, the Avogadro's number, exact deviation in the gas condition, and the ideal condition needed for the mathematical expression are discussed in-depth and derived.
Chapter 6 Chemical Thermodynamics
This chapter in class 11th chemistry deals with the study of heat. It is among the essential chapters which the students would be studying further as well if they venture in the fields of science. The Chapter deals with the concepts of the laws of thermodynamics. There are three laws of thermodynamics and the zeroth law. The first law is based on the law of conservation of energy. The second law introduces a concept of entropy, and the Hess law is associated with it. The third law is based on the rule of classical mechanics, which states that all molecular motion ceases absolute zero.
Chapter 7 Equilibrium
Chapter 7 discusses the ideas of balance in substance. The chapter is divided into two concepts, namely- chemical equilibria and ionic equilibria. The chapter deals with the concept of Le Chatelier's principle and the reaction quotient. Besides this, the data about the corrosive strength, ionization of polybasic acids, Henderson condition, the idea of pH, are also studied.
Chapter 8 Redox Reaction
This chapter deals with the concept of oxidation and reduction of elements. The chapter deals with the concept of the loss and gain of electrons to explain the concept of oxidation and reduction. The chapter also teaches the students about balancing an equation.
Chapter 9 Hydrogen
Through this chapter, you will find out about the element hydrogen and its unique position in the periodic table. Alongside this, the chapter also deals with the isotopes of hydrogen, their properties, and how they are formed with the presence in nature.
Chapter 10 S-block Elements
This chapter examines the characteristics of group 1 and 2 in the periodic table. The chapter discusses the electronic configuration of the elements present in these groups. The characteristics which are common to the elements in a group are discussed, and the reasons behind them as well. Concepts of nuclear radii, ionization enthalpy, ionic radii, and so on are additionally talked about. The compounds of the elements present in these two groups are also discussed alongside the concepts of the bonds formed by the elements of these groups.
Chapter 11 P-block Elements
This chapter gives an overall perspective on the p-block elements to the students. The p block constitutes group 13 to group 18. It contains the metalloid groups and the non-metal groups. Additionally, the variety of oxidation states and their properties is likewise talked about. The substance and actual properties of boron alongside its significant compounds like boric corrosive, borax, boron hydrides, and so on are also talked about in this chapter.
Chapter 12 Organic Chemistry Some Basic Techniques and Principles
This chapter is the basis of organic chemistry. The chapter deals with the IUPAC terminology and classification of different natural compounds. Organic compounds talked about in-depth in this chapter. Alongside this, the electronic relocations happening in a covalent bond as the electromeric effect, Mesomeric effect, inductive effect, hyperconjugation, are also talked about in detail. The chapter further discusses the concepts of substitution reaction, elimination reactions, and addition reactions.
Chapter 13 Hydrocarbons
In this chapter, students will become acquainted with insight regarding the classification of hydrocarbons and their uses, properties, and related reactions. Besides this, the chapter discusses alkanes, alkynes, and alkenes in detail. It likewise discusses related terminology, actual properties, IUPAC names, substance responses, ignition, and isomerism. The chapter also deals with the reactions of the formation of these. hydrocarbons and the subsequent reactions that are performed on these hydrocarbons to obtain desired products.
Chapter 14 Environmental Chemistry
Chapter 14, which is Environment Chemistry, discusses the ecological piece of chemistry like natural contamination identified with air, soil, and water. The chapter also deals with the reactions that are happening in the environment due to these contaminations. Thus, ozone depletion, acid rain, smog, and a few similar phenomena are discussed in detail. This last chapter in NCERT solutions for class 11 chemistry further discusses the issues with water contamination, and the damage that is happening to ecology, and how to land pollution is affecting the earth that we live on. It also talks about the concepts needed for diminishing contamination.
Highlights of Class 12 Chemistry Aakash NCERT Solutions
The Solutions provided by Aakash for the NCERT textbook Class 11th has the following highlights:
- The solutions are provided in the most straightforward possible language, which makes it very easy for anyone and everyone to understand these solutions.
- The solutions follow the step-by-step answer pattern in the numerical questions, a well-reasoned pattern in the reaction mechanism and the reasoning questions and a combination of both in the derivation questions if any.
- All the questions are dealt with in the Solutions PDF, and the industry experts and experienced faculty prepare the solutions.
- The solutions are provided for free to all the students.
FAQ’s for CLASS 11 Chemistry NCERT Solutions
Q. How might I concentrate on chemistry for class 11?
A. The syllabus for class 11th chemistry is vast and varied. The best way to concentrate on class 11th chemistry is to go through the textbook material and then go through the solutions provided by Aakash Institute.
Q. Is NCERT enough to score marks in chemistry for class 11?
A. Reading the textbook material is essential, but the Solutions provided by Aakash Institute is enough for you to practice the questions given in the NCERT textbook, which would help you to score good marks in exams.
Q. Where to find and download NCERT Chemistry solutions for class 11th?
A. Aakash provides all the solutions of NCERT for class 11th chemistry. The solutions are available on the Aakash website. The solutions are divided chapter-wise, and they are compiled in just one PDF file.
How NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Can Help You Reach Your Targets?
Chemistry is an interesting subject but many of your students might find it confusing to understand. It can be a struggle for many of you. But, hold on! There is always a solution to a problem.
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Now the question comes: what is NCERT? Well, in simple terms, NCERT is a National board which publishes textbooks for students to understand the concepts in a clearer and simpler way. NCERT, not only provides textbooks for Chemistry but also provides simplified textbooks for other subjects as well. At Vedantu, we aim at providing a simplified way of teaching to students and help them to understand the basic concepts of Chemistry Class 11 NCERT Solutions in a better way. Students enrolled with us can download every chapter together or individually as well.
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We Follow the NCERT Guidelines
Vedantu strictly follows the format and guidelines laid down by NCERT and the boards. We do not formulate any study material which does not meet the guidelines. So, if you enroll with us, you can rest assured that all the study materials which you will be receiving are 100% authentic and it follows all the guidelines laid down by NCERT.
Now you must be wondering, what we do that makes studying chemistry so easy? The answer is our innovative way of delivering knowledge. If you take our NCERT Solutions Class 11 Chemistry, then you will get to know the view of our Free conceptual videos, free live classes, access to important PDFs and study materials, all through our Vedantu App. Our course also involves numerous tests which will help you to understand how well you are prepared for your main examinations. All you need to do is download our App- VEDANTU APP, and get started with your exam preparation.
Our NCERT Solution of Chemistry Class 11 provides a deep insight into all the important chapters and concepts of class 11 chemistry. Students also have the freedom of studying which chapters they want. According to their wishes, they can download the chapters and complete the syllabus accordingly. Also, all of our study materials come with solved questions and answers. This helps the student to save time and understand the concepts in an easier format.
The CBSE Class 11 Chemistry NCERT Solutions are designed for those to dream to reach for the stars. These solutions help a student to understand the concepts rather than encouraging them to mug it up. If you know how the concepts are applicable in the real world, then it becomes much easier for you to understand the theory behind the concept. All the answers in our study material are written as an easier language for students to understand the matter properly. The deep understanding of the subject helps a student to perform well in the exams as well as create a strong base for chemistry. Science and especially chemistry is a subject that needs to be understood and not learned by heart. If you understand the basic concepts and principles then it will be a cakewalk for you. If you don't then it will lead to disaster. Our study materials answer the toughest questions in a simpler way, thus helping students to understand the subject better.
Vendantu’s NCERT Chemistry Class 11 Solutions offer all the solutions to the important chapters of Chemistry. Whether you are searching for solutions from Environmental chemistry, organic chemistry or even the basics, our solution has got everything covered. The solutions are designed by teachers who have been teaching in this field for decades. Their wealth of experience is the primary reason for our strategic as well as well planned study material.
Chapter 1: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
To master in chemistry, the first law is to understand the basics. A strong foundation is what is needed to excel in this subject. Our NCERT Solutions Class 11 Chemistry highlights the importance of this chapter in our daily lives. This chapter helps students the role of chemistry in our day to day lives. It explains the laws of chemistry and different types of chemical combinations. Also, a student will get introduced to Dalton's atomic theory in this chapter. This theory explains the basics of chemistry like the role of atoms and molecules in the nature of matters. Further, this chapter also talks about chemical reactions, chemical reactions, molar mass molecular formulas, etc. This chapter has 36 questions that will help the students to cover the entire topic.
Chapter 2: Atom Structure
This chapter introduces the concept of atoms, electrons, protons, and neutrons. Also, you will understand the concepts of isotopes, atomic number, and isobars. These concepts are important for you to understand, as these will build a strong foundation of chemistry in you. Apart from the basic concepts, this chapter will also introduce the students to advanced theories like Rutherford's model, Thomson's model and Bohr's model, their uses and their limitations. Also, we will discuss the concepts of subshells, shells, de Broglie's relationship, dual nature of light and matter, Heisenberg uNCERTainty principle, shapes of s, the concept of orbitals, p and d orbitals, quantum numbers, etc. The chapter will also teach you the usage of principles like Hund's rule, the Aufbau principle, Pauli's exclusion principle, etc. It will also teach you the laws of filling electrons to orbitals with the help of the above-mentioned laws. Apart from these, the stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals, electronic configuration of atoms, etc will be discussed in this chapter. The "Atom structure" chapter has 67 questions in total and these questions will help you to understand the chapter with ease.
Chapter 3: Periodicity in Properties and Classification of Elements
In this chapter, we will go in-depth about the learning of the periodic table. You will be introduced to the history of the development of the periodic table, how it is classified, periodic law and how the entire periodic table developed. You will also learn about the valency, ionic radii, electron gain enthalpy, atomic radii, electronegativity, inert gas radii Ionization enthalpy, etc. All these are discussed in this chapter to improve the understanding of basic chemistry concepts. This chapter has 40 questions related to the periodic table and the different concepts of atom properties.
Chapter 4: Molecular Structure and Chemical Bonding
This chapter deals with the core concepts of molecular structures. This chapter will introduce you to concepts like an ionic bond, valence electrons, covalent bonds, etc. Furthermore, you will also learn about the Lewis structure, bond parameters, polar character of covalent bond, valence bond theory, the geometry of covalent molecules, the covalent character of an ionic bond, etc. You will also be introduced to the concept of hybridization, s, p and d orbitals, VSEPR theory, the molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules hydrogen bond, shapes of simple molecules, etc. This chapter has 40 questions. If you solve these questions, then it will help you to understand the topic in a better way.
Chapter 5: States of Matter
This chapter will introduce you to the concepts of the 3 main states of matter. We all know that the 3 states of matter are chemistry is solid, liquid and gas. But in this chapter, we will learn in-depth concepts of intermolecular interactions, melting points, boiling points, etc. We will also discuss a few famous laws like the relevance of Charles law, Boyle's law, Avogadro's law, Gay Lussac's law, etc. These concepts will help you to understand how the 3 states of matter interact with each other. You will also learn about Avogadro's number, how to derive a gas equation, etc. In this chapter, you will also learn about kinetic energy, critical temperature, liquefaction of gases, etc. You will also learn about molecular speeds and many other important things. The chapter has 23 questions, and these questions will prepare the chapter seamlessly.
Chapter 6: Chemical Thermodynamics
In this chapter you will be introduced to concepts of systems, how are surroundings, work, energy, heat-related to each other. It will also discuss topics like state functions, intensive and extensive properties, etc. The gist of this chapter involves the First Law of Thermodynamics. You will learn how this Law involves heat capacity and specific heat, internal energy and enthalpy, and measurement of ΔU and ΔH. The chapter will also discuss Hess's law of enthalpy of bond dissociation and constant heat summation. We will also discuss the different processes like formation, combustion, sublimation, atomization, ionization, phase transition, dilution, and solution, etc.
To make sure that the entire concept is clear to you, we have explained the second law of Thermodynamics, Gibb's energy change for spontaneous and non-spontaneous processes, Introduction of entropy as a state function, Third law of thermodynamics is a very simple format. This chapter might sound difficult, but our simple explanation will surely clear all your doubts. There are a total of 22 questions for this chapter. These questions cover the important parts of the chapter. So, if you prepare the questions and answers properly, then you can surely score well in your examinations.
Chapter 7: Equilibrium
In this chapter, you will get introduced to the concepts of equilibrium in chemical as well as physical processes. Overall we will study the nature of equilibrium. You will also learn about Le Chatelier's principle and the factors affecting it. We will also learn about the equilibrium constant and the law of mass action. Furthermore, you will get introduced to strong and weak electrolytes, ionic equilibrium-ionization of bases and acids, degree of ionization, etc. This chapter has around 77 questions that cover all the important portions.
Chapter 8: Redox Reaction
This chapter will help the students to gain an understanding of the process of oxidation and reduction. Students will also be able to learn about redox reactions in detail. All the information related to balancing the redox reaction and oxidation number will be provided. The chapter also discusses the concept of loss and gain of electrons. In-depth analysis regarding the application of redox reaction and the change in the oxidation number will also be initiated. A total of total questions related to this chapter will be provided so that the students can gain more knowledge about the chapter.
Chapter 9: Hydrogen
This chapter will help you to gain an under about hydrogen in general and its position in the periodic table. Information related to isotopes and its preparation along with its properties will be the highlight of this chapter. The overall use of hydrogen will be discussed in this chapter. The chemical and physical properties of water along with data related to hydrides-ionic covalent and interstitial will also be addressed. The chapter also discusses the structure, preparation, reaction, and the use of hydrogen in detail. A brief insight into the use of hydrogen as a fuel will also be provided. Students can rely upon the additional 36 questions which are provided at the end of the chapter.
Chapter 10: S - Block Elements [Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals]
Group 1 and 2 Elements
This chapter will help the students to learn about electronic configuration and its occurrences. Some of the most essential anomalous behavior with the properties of the very first element present in each group will be highlighted. The trends and diagonal relation related to the variation of the properties such as atomic and ionic radii will be shed light upon. Various trends revolving around chemical reactivity of elements such as hydrogen, oxygen, halogens, and water will also be discussed in this chapter. The properties as well as the preparation of essential compounds such as sodium chloride, sodium hydrogen carbonate, sodium carbonate, etc. will be taught. The importance of potassium and sodium will also be addressed. The industrial use of calcium carbonate and calcium oxide along with the biological importance of calcium and magnesium will be highlighted. A total of 32 chapter questions will also be present.
Chapter 11: Some P - Block Elements
This chapter discusses the various aspects of P- Block elements. Students will be able to learn about the Group 13 Elements and the electronic configuration and the occurrence of the same. The variation in terms of the properties and the stages of oxidation will also be analyzed in this chapter. Activities related to chemical reactivity and properties of the first elements of the group will be highlighted in this chapter. Important components such as Borax, Boron Hydrides, Boric acid, etc. are all dissected in detail. The various reactions of aluminum to acid and alkalis will be identified as well. Group 14 elements and details about carbon-catenation, chemical, and physical properties will be mentioned. There are a total of 32 questions present at the end of this chapter which helps the students to gain a better understanding of this topic.
Chapter 12: Organic Chemistry - Some Basic Techniques and Principles
The chapter caters to the important elements of Organic Chemistry. It talks about the very basics of purification along with the standard method of qualitative and quantitative analysis. The classification of IUPAC of organic compounds will also be discussed in this chapter. The electronic displacement in a covalent has been duly mentioned which helps the students to know more about inductive effects, resonance, and hyperconjugation. Information related to heterolytic and homolytic fission of various covalent bonds has been highlighted. In addition to all this information, 40 questions at the end of the chapter will help the students to clear relevant doubts regarding the concept of organic chemistry.
Chapter 13: Hydrocarbons
The various classifications of Hydrocarbons will be discussed in detail. Its various uses and information based on its properties/reactions have also been highlighted. This chapter identifies and argues about concepts such as physical properties, Alkenes, Aliphatic Hydrocarbons – Alkanes, chemical reactions, combustion, isomerism, etc. 25 chapter questions are also included towards the end of the chapter.
Chapter 14: Environmental Chemistry
This chapter highlights the concept of pollution in general which affects the air, water, and soil. The chemical reactions which take place in the atmosphere and result in the formation of smog have all been discussed in this chapter. The concept of ozone layer depletion and acid rain have been duly mentioned in the chapter. This chapter aims to raise awareness regarding the concept of the greenhouse effect, global warming, and industrial waste management. Students are taught about various alternate solutions which will help solve the issues related to pollution in the long run. An additional 20 questions are also framed at the end of the chapter.
Why Choose Vedantu?
Vedantu has revolutionized the way of learning. It provides a much more simplified version of study material so that students can learn and understand advanced concepts of chemistry in an easier manner. The online classes, PDFs and other types of study materials help a student to go that extra mile. For subjects like chemistry, you need to understand the concepts instead of mugging it up. Vedantu's NCERT solutions help students to understand advanced concepts in a simpler way.
Students can use the app to study the subject. Students can download the study material chapter wise and can also take live online classes. According to the availability of the students, they can opt for their class timings.
Pdf chemistry ncert 11 class
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